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|Title:||Elevated serum levels of caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 (CK18-Asp396) in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and chronic hepatitis C|
|Authors:||Uludağ Üniversitesi/Tıp Fakültesi/İç Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı.|
Uludağ Üniversitesi/Tıp Fakültesi/Gastroenteroloji Anabilim Dalı.
Uludağ Üniversitesi/Tıp Fakültesi/Biyokimya Anabilim Dalı.
Uludağ Üniversitesi/Tıp Fakültesi/Biyoistatistik Anabilim Dalı.
Uludağ Üniversitesi/Tıp Fakültesi/Patoloji Anabilim Dalı.
Oral, Arzu Yılmaztepe
Gül, Cuma Bülent
Nak, Selim Giray
Chronic hepatitis C
Research & experimental medicine
|Publisher:||Int Scientific Literature|
|Citation:||Yılmaz, Y. vd. (2009). "Elevated serum levels of caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 (CK18-Asp396) in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and chronic hepatitis C". Medical Science Monitor, 15(4), CR189-CR193.|
|Abstract:||Background: Caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 (CK18-Asp396) is released from hepatocytes during apoptosis. Recent studies have indicated that serum levels of CK18-Asp396 could be clinically useful biomarker of chronic liver disease. To shed more light on the rate of hepatocyte loss by apoptosis in chronic liver disease, serum levels of CK18-Asp396 were examined in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and chronic hepatitis C. Material/Methods: Apoptotic CK18-Asp396 levels were quantified in sera from 35 patients with nonalcoholic steato-hepatitis (NASH), 21 patients with chronic hepatitis C (HCV), and 18 healthy controls. Results: Analysis of serum CK18-Asp396 levels showed an increasing trend starting from healthy controls (median: 34.5 U/l), to HCV patients (80.1 U/l), to patients with NASH (144.1 U/l. Kruskall-Wallis test: P<0.001). Post hoc analyses revealed that CK18-Asp396 levels were significantly higher in the NASH patients than in both HCV patients (P=0.008) and healthy controls (P<0.001). Moreover, the levels were significantly higher in patients with HCV than in control individuals (P<0.05). In patients with chronic HCV infection there was a significant positive correlation between serum CK18-Asp396 levels and AST (r=0.442, p<0.05), the ultrasonographic grade of steatosis (r = 0.446, P<0.05), and the histological steatosis score (r=0.759, P<0.001). Conclusions: Although subject to future confirmation, these pilot findings seem to indicate that serum levels of caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 (CK18-Asp396) are higher in patients with NASH than in those with chronic HCV infection. These data suggest that NASH patients have and increased hepatocyte loss by apoptosis compared with chronic hepatitis C patients.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus|
Web of Science
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