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|Title:||Measurement of the vapor phase deposition of polychlorinated bipheyls (PCBs) using a water surface sampler|
Holsen, Thomas M.
Uludağ Üniversitesi/Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi/Çevre Mühendisliği Bölümü.
Environmental sciences & ecology
Meteorology & atmospheric sciences
|Citation:||Taşdemir, Y. vd. (2005). "Measurement of the vapor phase deposition of polychlorinated bipheyls (PCBs) using a water surface sampler". Atmospheric Environment, 39(5), 885-897.|
|Abstract:||A water surface sampler (WSS) was employed in combination with greased knife-edge surface deposition plates (KSSs) to measure the vapor phase deposition rates of PCBs to the sampler at an urban site, Chicago, IL. This sampler employed a water circulation system that continuously removed deposited PCBs. Total (gas + particle) and particulate PCB fluxes were collected with the WSS and KSSs, respectively. Gas phase PCB fluxes were then calculated by subtracting the KSS fluxes (particulate) from the WSS fluxes (gas + particle). The calculated gas phase PCB fluxes averaged 830 +/- 910 ng m(-2) d(-1). This flux value is, in general, higher than the fluxes determined using simultaneously measured air-water concentrations in natural waters and is in the absorption direction. This difference is primarily because the PCBs were continuously removed from the WSS water keeping the water PCB concentration near zero. Concurrently, ambient air samples were collected using a modified high volume air sampler. The gas phase PCB concentrations ranged between 1.10 and 4.46 ng m(-3) (average +/- SD, 2.29 +/- 1.28 ng m(-3)). The gas phase fluxes were divided by the simultaneously measured gas phase ambient concentrations to determine the overall gas phase mass transfer coefficients (MTCs) for PCBs. The average gas phase overall MTCs (K.) for each honiolog group ranged between 0.22 and 1.32 cm s(-1) (0.54 +/- 0.47cm s(-1)). The average MTC was in good agreement with those determined using similar techniques.|
|Appears in Collections:||Web of Science|
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