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Title: Industrial hazardous waste management in Turkey: Current state of the field and primary challenges
Authors: Uludağ Üniversitesi/Mühendislik Fakültesi/Çevre Mühendisliği Bölümü.
Salihoğlu, Güray
Keywords: Transboundary movement
Action plan
Environmental sciences & ecology
Chemical contamination
Hazardous materials
Indicators (chemical)
Industrial chemicals
Laws and legislation
Metal refining
Petroleum refining
Solid wastes
Action plan
Agricultural fields
Chemical products
Concentration of
Development policies
Hazardous waste management
High population density
Industrial development
Industrial hazardous waste
Industrial solid wastes
International regulations
Manufacturing industries
Manufacturing products
Motor vehicle
Municipal landfills
Rules and regulations
Total solids
Transboundary movements
Waste disposal
Waste management
Issue Date: 15-May-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Salihoğlu, G. (2010). "Industrial hazardous waste management in Turkey: Current state of the field and primary challenges". Journal of Hazardous Materials, 177(1-3), 42-56.
Abstract: A holistic evaluation of a country's hazardous waste management (HWM) practices is useful in identifying the necessary actions to focus on. Based on an analysis of industrial hazardous waste (HW) generation in Turkey, this paper attempts to critically evaluate and report current Turkish HWM practices and discuss the primary challenges to be addressed. The generation of industrial HW for Turkey reported in 2004 was 1.195 million tons, which accounted for 7% of the total industrial solid waste (ISW) generated by the manufacturing industry, and for nearly 4.9% of the total solid waste generated in the country. The HW generated by the top five manufacturing product categories - basic metals, chemicals and chemical products, food and beverages, coke and refined petroleum, motor vehicles and trailers - accounted for 89.0% of total industrial HW. 21% of the HW generated in 2004 was recycled or reused, and 6% was sold or donated, whereas 73% was sent to ultimate disposal. 67% of the HW sent to ultimate disposal was disposed of at municipal landfills. The total capacity of the existing regional HW facilities is 212,500 tons/year, which accounts for about 24% of the HW to be disposed. Turkey has identified the HW problem in the country and enacted legislation, designated a lead agency, and promulgated rules and regulations. Several new initiatives are planned for improving HW management nationally; however, some HWM problems will be persistent due to previous and existing industrial development plans. These development policies led to the concentration of industry in regions marked by precious agricultural fields and high population density. This occurred because the government previously exhibited a default prioritization towards industrial development, leading to insufficient implementation of regulations on HW generators. Some of the problems may also be rooted in other countries that allow illegal transboundary HW movements despite international regulations.
ISSN: 0304-3894
Appears in Collections:Scopus
Web of Science

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